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Citation Styles for Music: Scores

Style examples of bibliographic citations in music for APA, MLA & Chicago Manuals of Style.

APA Style Manual

Scores (print & online)

Published score ComposerLastname, F. N. (Year). Score title. (EditorLastname, F.N., Ed.) Location: Publisher.

Stravinsky, I. (1933). L'oiseau de feu. New York: Schott.
Score from an anthology or collected work Composer, C. C. (Year of Publication). Title of score. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of anthology (xx ed., Vol. xx, pp. xxx-xxx). Place of Publication: Publisher.

Floyd, C. (2004). I should have ended it long ago. IN P. Brunelle (Ed.), American arias: a collection of essential contemporary works (Soprano edition, pp. 94-99). New York: Boosey & Hawkes.
Manuscript: original Author, A. A. (Year). Title of material. [Description of material]. Name of Collection (Call number, Box number, File name or number, etc.). Name of Repository, Location.

Percy, T. 1867-68. Ballads and romances. [Manuscript]. Herbert M. Halpert Collection (HALP 10302, 10303, 10304). Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL, Canada.
PDF Download from the Internet ComposerLastname, F. N. (Year). Score title. (EditorLastname, F.N., Ed.) Location: Publisher. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx

Stravinsky, I. (1974). Firebird [Score]. Moscow, Muzyka. Retrieved from http://imslp.org/wiki/The_Firebird_%28Stravinsky,_Igor%29

In-text citations

The following table may be used as a guide for common in-text citations.  

Type of citation What is in-text
The entire work (Joseph, 2001)
A specific page (Joseph, 2001, p. 33)
Author's name included in text "Joseph (2001, p. 33) states that.."
An online article with no page numbers (Bob, 2010, para. 6)
Citing multiple authors See resources below

The following resources provide additional information regarding citing multiple authors and other unique situations: