Fredrick Kuhlau was a Danish composer of German birth. He was born on September 11th, 1786, in Hanover, Germany, and passed away on March 12th, 1832, in Copenhagen, Denmark. Kuhlau was from a military family who made frequent moves through Germany and settled down in Hamburg, where a great portion of his musical training took place. Despite his extensive training in Germany, he spent most of his time in Denmark, having fled there due to Napoleonic invasions. In Denmark, Kuhlau made his career as a musician, teacher, composer, and performer, giving concerts beginning in 1811. He wrote in every major genre except for church music, but was most known for his pianoforte compositions such as his rondos on opera themes, piano sonatas, and sonatinas. Although few in number, Kuhlau also composed operas (most of them gaining little success) as well as numerous duets for flute and piano.
Engraving by unknown artist, after Christian Horneman, 1912. Public Domain, Wikimedia Commons.