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Citation Styles for Music: Journal Articles

Style examples of bibliographic citations in music for APA, MLA & Chicago Manuals of Style.

APA Style Manual

Bibliography (Works cited)

Journal article: print

AuthorLastname, F. I. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Vol, pages.

Antokoletz, E. (1986). Interval cycles in Stravinsky's early ballets. Journal Of The American Musicological Society, 39(3), 578-600.

Journal article with DOI

AuthorLastname, F. I. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Vol, pages. DOI:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Fink, R. (2005). The story of ORCH5, or, the classical ghost in the hip-hop machine. Popular Music 24(3), 339-356. DOI:10.1017/S0261143005000553

Journal article without DOI

AuthorLastname, F. I. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Vol, pages. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx

Aplin, J. (1986). Aldous Huxley and music in the 1920s.  Music & Letters, 64(1/2), 25-36. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/735358

Newspaper article: print

AuthorLastname, F. I. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Vol, pages.

MaCaulay, A. (2010, January 18). It's All in the Telling, a Step at a Time. New York Times. p. 9.

Newspaper article: online

AuthorLastname, F. I. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Vol, pages. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.xxx

Velin, B. (2010, February 24). Dancers are a sight to behold. USA Today. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=J0E310596055710&site=ehost-live

What is a DOI?

Some library databases, such as the Electronic Journal Center, list a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for individual articles. A DOI is a unique identifying number for an article. In the database record for an article, you will see an element that looks like this, which you should include at the end of your APA reference, preceded by "http://dx.doi.org/":

Other databases include what might be called a static or stable URL.  You may use this URL if the DOI is not provided.    If neither a DOI or a stable URL are provided, provide the URL for  journal's home page or the database that provided the full-text (e.g. http://www.jstor.org). 

In-text citations

The following table may be used as a guide for common in-text citations.  

Type of citation What is in-text
The entire work (Joseph, 2001)
A specific page (Joseph, 2001, p. 33)
Author's name included in text "Joseph (2001, p. 33) states that.."
An online article with no page numbers (Bob, 2010, para. 6)
Citing multiple authors See resources below

The following resources provide additional information regarding citing multiple authors and other unique situations: