Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Styles for Music: Books

Style examples of bibliographic citations in music for APA, MLA & Chicago Manuals of Style.

Works Cited

Entire Book: Print version AuthorLastname, Firstname.Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Medium.

Joseph, Charles, M. Stravinsky Inside and Out. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001. Print
Entire Book: Edited Haimo, Ethan and Paul Johnson, eds. Stravinsky Retrospectives. Lincoln, NE: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1987. Print.
E-book Author Lastname, Firstname.Title of book.  Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Title of Database or Website. Medium. Date you accessed it.

Horlacher, Gretchen. Building Blocks: Repetition and Continuity in Stravinsky’s Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. OhioLink Scholarly and Reference E-Books. Web. 24 March 2013.
Chapter in a Book
(Essay in a Festschrift)
AuthorLastname, Firstname. "Title of Chapter/Article." Title of Book. Ed. Editor's name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Pages. Medium.

Banes, Sally. "Firebird and the idea of Russianness."  The Ballets Russes and its World. Ed. Lynn Garafola and Nancy Baer. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999. 117-134. Print.

In-Text Citations

In MLA Style, parenthetical references are used when quoting or referring to sources consulted in the body of the document.  After a quote or paraphrase, a reference including the author's name and other attributing information will be enclosed in parentheses.   For a complete description of how to compose parenthetical references, consult the following resources.