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Citation Styles for Music: Scores

Style examples of bibliographic citations in music for APA, MLA & Chicago Manuals of Style.

Works Cited

Published score Composer Lastname, Firstname.Title of Score. Year of Composition. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium. Name of Series (if applicable).

Stravinsky, Igor.  L'oiseau de feu.  1909-10.  New York: Schott, 1993. Print.
Score from an anthology or collected work Composer Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Score.” Year of Composition.Title of Anthology. Ed. Editor(s) Names. Vol.#. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Pages. Medium.

Floyd, Carlisle.  "I Should Have Ended it Long Ago." 1981. American Arias: a Collection of Essential
       Contemporary Works.
Ed. Philip Brunelle. Soprano edition. New York: Boosey &

       Hawkes, 2004. 94-99. Print.
Manuscript: original

Author/Composer Lastname, Firstname.Title or Description of Material. Date of Composition. Form of the Material–for Manuscript use MS, for Typescript use TS. Name and location of thelibrary/institution/collection where the manuscript is held (if relevant).

Percy, Thomas. Ballads and Romances. 1867-68. MS. Herbert M. Halpert Collection. Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL, Canada.
PDF Download from the Internet ComposerLastname, Firstname. Title of Score. Year of Composition. Title of website. Publisher/Sponsor of website. Medium. Date accessed.

Stravinsky, Igor. Firebird. 1909-10. International Music Score Library Project. Web. 5 March 2013.

In-Text Citations

In MLA Style, parenthetical references are used when quoting or referring to sources consulted in the body of the document.  After a quote or paraphrase, a reference including the author's name and other attributing information will be enclosed in parentheses.   For a complete description of how to compose parenthetical references, consult the following resources.