Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Styles for Music: Video Recordings

Style examples of bibliographic citations in music for APA, MLA & Chicago Manuals of Style.

Works Cited

Video Recording Title. Dir. Director Firstname Lastname. Distributor, Year of Release. Medium. (If desired, you may include other pertinent details such as the screenwriter, performers, or producer between the titleand distributor)

Leaving Home, Orchestral Music in the 20th Century. Dir. Peter West. City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Conducted by Simon Rattle.  ArtHaus Musik, 2005.  DVD.
Video (online) (e.g. YouTube) Author Firstname, Lastname (if known). "Titleof Web Page."Video.Title of the Site. Site Publisher or Sponsor,Date of Publication. Medium. Date you accessed it.

Huckleberry, Alan. "Robert Schumann, Hymn." Video. Univeristy of Iowa Pedagogy Project. YouTube. 2011. Web. 4 April 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OVeMrXxi9dI&list=PL281F01E9BAE0983C>.

In-Text Citations

In MLA Style, parenthetical references are used when quoting or referring to sources consulted in the body of the document.  After a quote or paraphrase, a reference including the author's name and other attributing information will be enclosed in parentheses.   For a complete description of how to compose parenthetical references, consult the following resources.