Citation: “Science in the Liberal Arts,” Baldwin-Wallace Alumnus 40, no. 6 (1965): p. 14.
Just one week before the first Sputnik was sent into orbit, the mathematics department had launched a new program of freshmen mathematics. In line with the "new math," this program emphasizes the basic structure of mathematics as opposed to mere mechanical drill. This approach is utilized throughout the entire four-year curriculum. The tremendous impact of electronic digital computers in today's society has necessitated the introduction of an advanced course to teach the fundamental mathematical procedures behind these machines. All faculty members of the mathematics department have had training in the theory and use of these computers. Today, a trained mathematician has great and increasing opportunities for positions in governmental, industrial, and actuarial work as well as in teaching. The demand for trained astronomers to meet the challenges of the Space Age far exceeds the supply. Under the instruction of Dr. Annear, students of astronomy are prepared to meet these demands. Baldwin-Wallace's astronomy facilities are equalled by very few colleges of its type and size in the United States.
"The gladdest day of all the glad new year" is May Day at Baldwin-Wallace College. Each year in the merry month of May one day is set aside for "the crowning of the Queen and a gambol on the green." And who does not thrill at the very thought of this gala day-May Queen sedately marching to her flower-decked throne, colorful array and quiet dignity of the regal cortege, sprightly dancers in unique attire, rejuvenating touch of the warm spring air, nature's glorious bursting into bloom, and a spirit of joy and happiness permeating the whole.
The May Queen plays the largest role in the day's performances; she is "leading lady" and reigns supreme over all. The honor of being Queen is conferred upon that girl in the Junior class who receives the most votes, in a popular election, from the student body. The elected Queen chooses her attendants and other members of her retinue, while other necessary arrangements are taken care of, as Her Majesty commands, by a May Day committee.
An All-College breakfast served on the campus lawn marks the beginning of the day's festivities. Athletic events in the form of field meets or baseball games occupy the remainder of the morning's program. At one o'clock a parade in which all college organizations are represented starts its line of march. The May Day float, on which the Queen is seated in majesty with her attendants, heads the procession. A prize is given to the float adjudged to be the most beautiful and to the one adjudged to be the most unique.
Immediately after the parade the coronation ceremony takes place on the spacious lawn in front of Wheeler Hall. To the rhythm of majestic music the Queen, preceded by her four handsome guards, daintily makes her way from the arched entrance of Wheeler Hall to her white throne. In their respective places the trainbearers, ring bearer, flower girls, and attendants advance, making a colorful and beautiful train following in the Queen's path. The whole procession from the guards to the attendants, with the radiant Queen as central figure, makes a beautiful picture indeed as it comes into full view on the green court and slowly makes its way to the throne, with all the dignity of the knights and ladies of old. The Queen, robed in white and carrying a large bouquet of roses, approaches the throne, receives the crown and occupies her seat of honor for the remainder of the program. A clever and unique presentation of May Day pageantry is enacted before Her Majesty, climaxed by the winding of the May pole, a charming scene, in honor of her coronation. At the conclusion of this esthetic performance the regal procession wends its way back to Wheeler Hall and the afternoon's festivities are pronounced ended.
But still there is more to come, the best of all so some do say-a play presented by Theta Alpha Phi in the evening.
At the bidding of the Vernal Equinox, and the May Flowers traditionally making the campus a place of delicate beauty, the entire school turns out for 'the day of joyous welcome to the most delightful of all the seasons. There before the eyes of our sighing swains the Queen of the May, and her lovely cortege proceed to the throne of honor, in the midst of a scene enhanced by flowers, music, and universal rejoicing.
The most charming lady in the Junior class, as selected by the entire school, is the centre about whom the entire pageantry revolves, and is the most important figure on the campus for a day. She it is who selects her retinue, who arranges that her commands for one entire day of freedom from all but the pursuit of pleasure, be followed.
Nor does the school know a single day on its calendar so crowded, from the break of dawn, until after darkness has settled to bring it to a close. In the morning there is an all-college breakfast on the campus lawn, athletic events of one kind or another crowd the afternoon, or early forenoon. At one o'clock the competitive event towards which all organizations have been looking starts in the formation of a parade. This is replete with floats representative of both the unique and the beautiful, and a substantial prize is offered for the winners in both classes.
The parade, led by the May Day float bearing the Queen and her majestic following, is but the leading up to the climax of the entire day's program. The clear high call of trumpets, martial music, and the stately Queen appears from the graceful old arch of Wheeler Hall, proudly preceded by her four attendants. Next in order come the trainbearers, ring-bearer, flower girls, and attendants, enhancing the wake of the Queen's passage. The Queen, robed in white and carrying a large bouquet of roses, approaches the throne, receives the crown and occupies her seat of honor for the remainder of the program. Then, for her delectation and amusement the carefully trained dancers cavort upon the green, and climax the entertainment with the symbolic and colorful winding of the May Pole. This marks the time for the recessional, and the whole train wends its return to the portals of Wheeler Hall.
But another department has been working months in advance in preparation for this event. In the evening Theta Alpha Phi presents a dramatic production which 1s attended and appreciated by the townfolk, as well as the students, and faculty.
In 1919, one of the campus organizations, the Y.W.C.A., attended a summer conference with representative from surrounding colleges. The celebration of May was one of the topics discussed. The Baldwin-Wallace delegation decided that such a tradition would be of value to this institution. Their ideas and suggestions for a May Day were related to the Student Council which organized the first Baldwin-Wallace May Day held in 1920. Since then, it has been observed every year with the expectation of the World War 11 years.
The original May Day activities were held on the Wheeler Hall lawn with the Queen and her court proceeding from the building and down the steps. After the Berea quarries had been filled and turned into the Metropolitan Park, the festivities were moved there. The Amphitheatre, located at the northern boundary of John Baldwin's farm, became the site of the Queen's coronation and the Maypole Dance.
Over the years, the format of the annual celebration of Spring has changed. Originally, a breakfast for Seniors was included in festivities as well as a dramatic presentation. 1978 was the first year a parade was not included. However, every group participating in the games was required to design a float illustrating the theme "Million Dollar May Day".
The twining of the Maypole has its origins in ancient rites giving tribute to Mother Nature and the miracle of Spring. Since a junior was selected to reign over the first Baldwin-Wallace May Day, it has been customary to elect a member of the Junio r class to serve as the Queen of the May. At one time, flowers picked from the area formed the queen's crown. Today, the queen wears a crown passed from her predecessor. The queen also carries a bouquet of American Beauty roses.
The 1920 Maypole dancers wore cheesecloth dresses. During the 30's and 40's the dancers were clothed in long pastel dresses. Short white dresses are now worn and the dance is performed barefooted.
Formally Unite Berea Colleges
(Taken from "Berea Enterprise," August 29, 1913)
Baldwin University and German Wallace College, both located at Berea, were merged Tuesday night by formal action of trustees of both institutions and the general board of education of the Methodist Episcopal Church of the United States.
The Consolidated school will be known as Baldwin-Wallace College. The institution, while under the general direction of the Methodist Episcopal board of education, will continue under the patronage of the Methodist Church conferences.
"It is merely making formal a condition that has been real in practice for a great many years," said Bishop W. F. McDowell of Chicago in a statement.
"This makes an institution of great strength, with property and endowment approximating $1,000,000, and a strong constituency from which larger things are expected in the future."
The executive committee of the two boards of trustees were directed to take immediate steps to carry out the details of the consolidation. This will necessitate the taking out of a new charter.
The merging of the local institutions which for many years have had a working agreement that in effect have made them one as far as benefit to students was concerned, was the result of action taken at former meetings of the Education Commission of the M. E. Church, and trustees of the institutions interested. At these meetings, held in Toledo and Cleveland, the need of consolidation in order to strengthen the schools and make them more efficient was pointed out.
A proposition outlining the basis for consolidation was presented at the last meeting of the Board by Bishop Anderson and submitted to the trustees of the two schools. The terms of this proposition were at once accepted by the trustees of Baldwin, who were present, and at the meeting held at the Hotel Statler in Cleveland, Tuesday night, formal acceptance was made by the trustees of Wallace.
Because of the vast amount of work necessary before complete plans for conducting the consolidated institution can be completed, no official announcement of the program for the future conduct of the schools has been made. It is said, however, that the consolidated institutions will be governed by a board of 27 trustees, selected on a basis of property holdings by the two schools. This, it is understood, will give representatives of the three German conferences a majority of the board. Trustees representing the English-speaking institution will be selected by the supporters of Baldwin, including the alumni and the North Ohio Conference. Trustees to represent the German institutions will be chosen by the three German M. E. conferences and the alumni of German Wallace.
Sentiment, so far as expressed on the consolidation, seems to be entirely in favor of the action taken.
Among those present at Tuesday's conference were John Baldwin of Berea, son of the founder of Baldwin University, and Dr. Albert J. Nast of Cincinnati, son of the founder of German Wallace College. Both expressed themselves as well pleased with the outcome of the conference.
Dr. G. A. Reeder is president of Baldwin University. Dr. A. L. Breslich is president of German Wallace. The new president is to be selected at a joint session of the boards of Trustees.
Because of the amount of work involved, it is believed that the new charter cannot be issued before April of next year. In the meantime, committees are at work arranging details for the conduct of the college for the coming school year. Plans under way will greatly strengthen the faculties of the institution, and afford a greater field for the education of its students.
Baldwin University, founded in 1845 by John Baldwin, has been under the patronage of the North-East Ohio M. E. Conference.
German Wallace College, founded in 1863 by Dr. William Nast and Jacob Rothweiler, has been under the patronage of the East, Central, and Chicago German M. E. conferences.
Citation: “Mozart Festival Highly Praised,” Baldwin-Wallace College News Letter 9, no. 3 (1943): p. 4.
The following are quotations from the music editors of the Cleveland daily papers in their review of the recent Mozart Festival held at Baldwin-Wallace College.
"It was evident from the work heard yesterday that faculty and students have put into this festival the same kind of diligent preparation that goes into the annual presentations of the music of Bach. They are the more deserving of congratulations at this time since the difficulties in carrying through such a valuable educational project are daily increasing with the war effort.
"An event that brought special distinction to last night's program was the performance said to be the first in America of the Rondo for tenor 'Per Pieta, non Ricercate' written by Mozart for a singer Adamberger, who wanted to insert it in Anfossi's opera ' I I Curioso.' A capital aria, it was sung by Clyde Keutzer. Carl Schluer of the piano faculty, was heard in a rigorous, cleanly etched performance of the C Minor Piano Concerto.
"So rarely does one hear the religious choral music of Mozart nowadays that the performance of his Litany in B flat for chorus, soloists and orchestra was a delightful and almost novel experience. One could not help noting with indulgence how characteristic Mozartian exuberance found continuous outlet even when the Latin words were those of solemn supplication.
The performances of the College Choir under Cecil Munk were creditable ones, and there were capable soloists. They included Mary Marting, Soprano; Clyde Keutzer, Tenor; Annie Lea Rose, Contralto; and Oscar McCullough, Bass.
"A gifted violinist, Emily Mutter Adams of Detroit, scored a marked success as soloist in the D major Violin Concerto. She played with laudable clarity, assurance and warmth. "George Poinar is again to be congratulated on his successful efforts to get the best possible results from a student orchestra, which in these restricted times was of almost luxurious proportions."
(Herbert Elwell in the Cleveland Plain Dealer.)
"We can have nothing but admiration for the devotion and enterprise of the Baldwin-Wallace Conservatory in preparing these Festivals. It is good to see that apparently a considerable number of people appreciate this aim of keeping alive the work of the great masters of music, not alone through their more famous compositions, but through those that changing fashions and the routine of the concert business have caused to fall into neglect."
(Arthur Loesser in the Cleveland Press.)
"The Baldwin-Wallace Mozart Festival closed with the concert yesterday afternoon at Kulas Musical Arts Building in Berea. Director Albert Riemenschneider is to be commented for this presentation of Mozart music, some of it seldom heard, the sum total being a most revealing cross section of the Mozart inspiration and genius."
(Elmore Bacon in the Cleveland News.)