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Encyclopedia of Baldwin Wallace University History: Campus Locations - K

An Index of Historical Content and Their Sources

Kamm Hall

Citation: James D. Harvey, ed., "New Building Named in Honor of Trustee Jacob O Kamm," Pursuit 3, no. 3 (November 1970): 54.

Over 350 students major in business administration, second only in number to education majors. These students and the faculty deserve a modern facility to replace the present antiquated structure. The proposed two-story building could become a focal point for many Cleveland area businessmen and future executives who come to the campus for evening session classes. Plans call for modern classrooms, offices, a computer services center and space for conferences and seminars. The latter will attract business executives from the surrounding area.

The new Baldwin-Wallace building, which will house the Division of Business Administration, the Department of Mathematics and departments in the related social sciences, will be named in honor of Dr. Jacob 0. Kamm, nationally respected authority in the fields of economics and investments. Dr. Kamm served the College from 1944 to 1953 as professor of economics and director of the commerce division. Today many of his former students hold important positions in commercial and investment banking, in business and government.

For the past 17 years Dr. Kamm has provided the College with outstanding assistance on the Board of Trustees and on the Board's Investment Committee. He has also served as president of the National Alumni Association. His name on this building will be a reminder of his own high standards of scholarship. ESTIMATED COST. $1,300,000

Klein Hall

Citation: Updated B-W History, n.d.

Klein Hall is one of a pair of twin, Colonial-style dorms built to house men and women that flank the Lambda Chi Alpha House on Beech Street. Klein, to the north of the LCA house, housed women while Saylor Hall, to the south, was built for men. The buildings were built on south campus, with Klein located behind Dietsch and Saylor behind Marting Hall. The halls replaced Adams, Collier, Matthews, and Mattison Houses which were four large frame houses used to house students.

The architects for the buildings was D. M. Allison of the Leonard H. Krill construction Company of Cleveland and the price for construction of Klein Hall was about $200,000 with the total cost for the two buildings being $400,000. Each building has room for 81 students and a hall (house) director. Safety was a factor as all-metal doors were installed in addition to the brick, metal, and steel materials used. The building has three floors with the first floor having one single room, four doubles and four triples. The second and third floors are identical, each having nine doubles and four triples. Since that time, the single has been eliminated to provide more living space for the hall director and the triples are being used as quads. The hall also has a lounge with a sandstone mantle, laundry facilities, as well as a quest bathroom in addition to a bathroom on each floor. All-metal furniture was provided including a bed, matching wardrobe and a combination desk-dresser and vanity with a matching chair. There were no dining hall provisions in the design of either building as students living in Klein and Saylor had their meals in larger dorms.

The make-up of Klein and Saylor Halls changed in 1978-1979, as the two halls became freshman halls housing both women and men in each. The two sororities in the building were moved to Constitution East. The halls were chosen because they are close to many central campus facilities and the floors are small enough to easily build a sense of community. The idea was to provide freshman an opportunity to adjust to college better, and to develop a greater sense of community. The residence hall staff must undergo special training in these areas to adequately provide these and other services.

The hall was dedicated on Founder's Day, October 19, 1950. Mr. George R. Klein of Brecksville, Ohio, for who the hall in named in honor of, was the major donor of the hall. He served on the Board of Trustees and as the delegate to NEOC. He was also very active in the Brecksville Methodist Church, the Masons, and served on the Metropolitan Park Board. He was the owner of the George R. Klein News Co. of Cleveland.

Kleist Center for Art and Drama

Citation: James D. Harvey, ed., "Baldwin Wallace Objectives for the 70's," Pursuit 3, no. 3 (November 1970): 2.

Two rapidly growing departments of the College will be housed in the new Art and Drama Center. Like the library and the business administration and mathematics units, the Center will be a major attraction for residents of the Cleveland area. Present facilities, the last of "temporary" woodframe structures built during World War II, have been inadequate for several years. The new building, located at the intersection of Beech Street and Bagley Road, will have a theatre that seats 500. As a rich cultural resource, the building will serve both the students majoring in these subjects and the public and students attending dramatic performances and art exhibits. Nearly half the funds for this building have already been secured through the Methodist Crusade for Higher Education and a government grant.

The art area will have the most modern facilities for teaching all the visual arts. There will be several gallery areas for display of works from the College's permanent collection, student art exhibits and visiting art shows.

This building has been designed as a teaching unit where students can work with art, speech and theatre, gaining a comprehensive knowledge of these vital cultural areas.


Citation: Updated B-W History, n.d.

The groundbreaking for the Art and Drama Center was on Founder's Day, in October, 1968. Construction began in June of 1970 and the Center was complete and ready for dedication on Founder's Day, which was October 19,1972. The Center is located on the northeast comer of Beech St. and Bagley Rd. The Art and Drama Center was built to house the Departments of Art and Speech and Theater Arts. The Old Virginia brick structure was built at a cost of $3,777,000. A Federal grant of $711,000 was given to the college as well as a gift amounting to $850,000 from the 1965 Methodist Crusade for Higher Education. The architects were Heine, Crider, and Williamson of Berea. The buildings unique design was a result of research done by B-W faculty members. Professor Charles Irwin, former head of the Department of Speech and Theater Arts, visited 32 theaters in Europe in 1964, while Professor William Allman, director of Drama, visited 20 regional theaters and colleges, and Professor Helen Leon, head of the Department of Art, also conducted research in that area.

The main theater seats 550 people and an experimental theater can accommodate 350. High-quality stage and light equipment were incorporated in the facility. The experimental theater has movable platforms with folding seats can be folded against the wall when not in use. The theater can be arranged as a proscenium or arena-style theater. The four art galleries showcase the college's permanent art collection, student exhibitions, and traveling shows. The multipurpose classroom areas have movable walls to accommodate various classroom situations and rehearsals. One classroom has mirrors, exercise bars, and a special floor for body movement classes and dance rehearsals. There are also well-equipped costume and construction rooms, dressing rooms, and a green room. The art area occupies more than 1/3 of the building and is equipped with many modem facilities. The teaching facilities for visual arts include a life-drawing classroom, indoor and outdoor studios, as well as painting, ceramics, sculpture, and graphics studios. It also includes facilities such as the Leaming Resource Library, faculty offices, a lounge, and storage areas. A special feature of the Center is the roof which rises high above the main theater's loft. It was made using 16,000 square feet of sheet lead and antimony alloy to provide a sound barrier from jet airplane engines passing overhead from Cleveland Hopkins International Airport.

The Art and Drama Center provides numerous classes in the areas of Speech and Communications, Broadcasting, Visual Arts, Theater and Drama. Countless plays and musicals have been performed in the theater, as well as show choir performances, and many other college events. The Center is also the home of the well-known Berea Summer Theater, which is supported by the college under the direction of Professor Bill Allman. In addition, the Fawick Art Gallery, dedicated in 1978, has served Baldwin-Wallace students and community members in many ways.

The Art and Drama Center was dedicated as the Kleist Center for Art and Drama on Saturday, August 27, 1994. Peter D. and Eleanor A. Kleist have been supporters and cont1ibutors to Baldwin-Wallace for many years. Peter Kleist is a nationally respected builder and developer and has been a B-W Trustee since 1988. He holds the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from Baldwin-Wallace. Eleanor Kleist attended Baldwin-Wallace her freshman and sophomores years and has been volunteered for many charitable causes. In addition, their son, David, graduated from B-W in 1973. Among their many contributions to the college, Mr. and Mrs. Kleist established the Peter and Eleanor Kleist Scholarships in 1989 to help further generations of B-W students.  

Kohler Hall

Citation: Frances F. Mills, ed., “Our Friends Away,” Baldwin-Wallace Alumnus 26, no. 1 (1948): p. 13.
In the passing of Mrs. Josephine M. Kohler, widow of the late Fred C. Kohler of Cleveland, on January 17, Baldwin-Wallace College lost a friend whose interest in this educational institution and whose beneficence to it was materially represented by gifts totaling nearly $100,000.00. Kohler Hall on the South Campus, the men's dormitory which by her help was reconstructed to the cost of about $80,000.00, stands not only as a memorial to her, but also in its attractive renewal as a building which remains in the affectionate memory of many generations of college students who have lived there.

Mrs. Kohler, the former Josephine Modrock, was brought to Cleveland while in infancy, from Bohemia. She was married to Mr. Kohler in 1888, in the "gay ninety" days when buggy rides and walks were favorite pastimes in their courtship and early wedded life. Later, when her husband entered politics, an exciting and adventurous field of interest in those days, Mrs. Kohler is said to have remained a "home woman" endeavoring to make their home a pleasant retreat for him, and where she was a gracious hostess. She continued to occupy the house on East 81st Street, Cleveland, built forty-three years ago, until her death which occurred there following a heart attack.

Mrs. Kohler has been a continuing friend of Baldwin-Wallace College through these later years and was always an honored guest here.

Citation: Updated B-W History, n.d.

A portion of Kohler Hall was built before German Wallace College was founded. It was one of two buildings already in existence when the area of the original south campus was purchased by German Wallace College. An 1858 map of Berea from the Western Reserve historical Society Library shows a building on lot number 80. The first German Methodist Orphanage Asylum was housed in this building before moving a larger facility on Center St. The building along with an additional 3.99 acres was sold to the German Methodist Orphanage Asylum by Jacob Rothweiler in February,1865 for $1,400. In 1866, the building was sold to German Wallace College. There is a discrepancy over the date that the property was sold to German Wallace College. It was transferred on either August 2, 1867 or June 5, 1868, and without the additional 3.00 acres of land sold by Jacob Rothweiler in 1865.

The building was purchased with the intent for it to be the residence of the vice president of the college. He resided in the northeast wing and also acted as an overseer of the students who lived in the other section of the building. Later, one of the professors occupied the apartment and also served as the Dean of Men. This was the procedure until the 1920's. A few years after the college bought it, the building was rebuilt into a three story structure. At the tum of the century, the building was enlarged, covered with stone, and modernized with a heating plant, electric lighting, plumbing, and other facilities. Due to this expansion, Kohler Hall occupies lots 79 and 80. After the rebuilding in 1870, it was used as a ladies dormitory. It was remodeled again in 1884 and transformed into a men's dorm. In 1905, the building was reconditioned and a west wing was added and in 1916, a north addition was added to include lavatories. During World War I the building was used as the barracks for the Student Army Training Corps and was subjected to much wear and tear.

The old Men's Dormitory was remodeled in 1940 through a gift of$25,000 by Mrs. Kohler, which was a portion of her prominent husband's estate. Josephine B. Kohler was the widow of Fred Kohler, who served as Cleveland Police Chief under Mayor Tom Johnson, Cuyahoga County Commissioner, Sheriff of Cuyahoga County, and Mayor of Cleveland. She gave the gift anonymously, but her identity was later revealed. She also contributed generously to the Pre-Centennial Funding program.

The architects for the remodeling were Mellenbrock, Foley, and Scott. The services and dedication for the remodeled hall took place on Founder's Day, October 31, 1940. The old Men's Dormitory was dedicated as Kohler Hall. The hall has since changed to houses both men and women, primarily conservatory students.

Kulas Musical Arts Building

Citation: Frances F. Mills, ed., “Conservatory Fire,” Baldwin-Wallace Alumnus 26, no. 1 (1948): p. 8.

Baldwin-Wallace's worst fire since 1899, when the college church on the old south campus was destroyed, caused $45,000 damage to the Conservatory early Friday morning, February 27. Breaking out at five a. m. the fire ravaged through the new wing which was completed only last summer with the financial help of Dr. E. J. Kulas.

Architects and contractors are already planning the rehabilitation of the building with definite improvements in mind.

Included in the total damage were four pianos, two organs and six rooms destroyed, with smoke damage throughout the building. The greatest loss was confined to the new wing which cost $25,000.

Citation: Updated B-W History, n.d.

Dr. Breslich, the last president of German-Wallace College, participating in the groundbreaking of Kulas Music Hall, circa 1912. Photo by William N Speckmann. Source: Events Box 5, File BW.02.31 Ground Breaking - Kulas.

Click on the image to enlarge.

Construction of the Auditorium and Music Building on Front St. began in 1912 on a site donated by the citizens of Berea. It was dedicated June 2, 1913, two months before Baldwin-Wallace College would be established, as German Wallace College and Baldwin University were combined. The new music building provided greater facilities for music students as classes and practice rooms were moved from Marting Hall. From its beginning in 1898, the music department was under the direction of Dr. Albert Riemenschnieder. (Music classes had existed since 1848 at Baldwin Institute, for one dollar extra per term.)

The Music Building contained the Fanny Nast Gamble Auditorium, which was installed with a $25,000 pile organ, and was said to be the best in the state (the organ was rebuilt and dedicated to the late Dr. Riemenschnieder in 1955). The auditorium was named in honor of Fanny Nast Gamble, the daughter of Dr. William Nast, founder of Gem1an Wallace College. She was the first women graduate of German Wallace College. Mrs. Gamble was the wife of an Proctor and Gamble of Cincinnati, and contributed a large amount to the cost of the building. The auditorium served as the site for music performances as well as graduation and other college activities.

The building was renovated in 1939 with a new wing and third story added. The new wing was constructed running from Front St. to the alley in the rear along the Hathaway Garage. The structure made the building in the shape of a "U". The addition was made possible by a $50,000 gift from Mrs. and Mrs. E. J. Kulas, of Cleveland. The reconstructed building was then dedicated the Kulas Musical Arts Building, and was one of the best music education buildings in the country. The improvement afforded the rapidly growing conservatory about fifty additional classrooms, studios, practice rooms, and a chamber music auditorium, as well as other facilities.

Mr. Kulas was the president of the Midland Steel Products Co. and of the Otis Steel Co. Mr. and Mr. Kulas were well known in music circles and had taken an active part in sponsoring the Bach festivals at B-W.

The building was renovated again in 1946 and 1958. The interior was remodeled in 1958 with financial help of the Kulas Foundation, established by the late Mr. and Mrs. Elroy J. Kulas. The grant received from the foundation totaled $152,000. At the time of the his death in 1952, Mr. Kulas had been a member of the B-W Trustees, dating back to 1938. Mrs. Kulas died on September 25, 1957 and along with her husband, had been a long time benefactor of B-W and the music education program.

The renovation was to make it one of the finest music halls in the country. The Fanny Nast Gamble Auditorium received the most improvements with the installation of a new acoustical plan. Thirty large Plexiglas panels were hung from the ceiling and arranged to provide a sound shell over the performance area. In addition, the auditorium received new plaster walls, a new wood stage, and new seating and lighting. Along with the new stage, an orchestra pit was built. The stage had controls for light and sound in that area as well as in the balcony control room. A new acoustical design was also implemented in the chamber room, as plaster spheres were added and the ceiling over the stage was made into an irregular design to diffuse the sound. The hallways in the practice areas were also sound-proofed. The coal furnace was replaced with a gas furnace along with an air exhaust system and new electrical improvements. The architects were Heine, Crider, and Williamson of Berea, and the construction was done by the Emerson Company of Cleveland.